Cities of Sudan
Friday, 29 January 2010 23:37

.Major Towns




 Railway station - Atbara


Known as the Town of" Fire and Iron", Atbara serves as the main workshop base and administrative headquarters for Sudan's Railways Corporation. Located 350 km north of Khartoum, it lies on the eastern bank of the Nile north of Ed Damer, to which it is connected by a narrow old bridge across Atbara River.


Damazeen and Roseires:


A Man form Blue Nile state playing Waza


Damazeen Town lies on the western bank of the Blue Nile. On the opposite bank a few kilometers northeast stands Roseires. The importance of these two towns is inferred from their proximity to the Roseires Dam, located just 2 km south of Damazeen and 4 km south of Roseires, from which the dam derives its name.






This is a major town of significant historic and commercial importance located half way between Khartoum and the northern borderline with Egypt. Dongola is the capital of the Northern State and the main producer of palm-dates, wheat, cereals and fruits. The region boasts a number of archeological sites pertaining to Nubian and Islamic eras. Historically, Old Dongola was the capital of a Christian kingdom. Dongola is connected to Khartoum by a recently constructed asphalt motorway and by rough land roads to other main towns of the State and Northern Kordofan



Al Fashir: 



Originally built by Sultan Abdel Rahman El Rashid, the town has played an important political and social role in the history of Darfur. It is now the capital of North Darfur State and a busy trade center. The palace of the last sultan of the Fur ruling dynasty, Ali Dinar, built in 1912, iS a special tourist attraction



El Geneina:


It is located on the southwestern border that Sudan shares wIth the neighboring republic of Chad. It is the hometown of the Messalit tribe and a transit and customs outpost for persons traveling overland to Chad, Cameroon, Niger and other countries of western Africa. Accordingly a prosperous trade exists between the markets of these countries and that of El Geneina, which acts as an important marketing outlet for local and regional produce.


El Obeid:



This is the capital of North Kordofan State and a major crop marketing center, offering cash crops such gum Arabic, sesame, peanuts and others for sale on the international markets. The population of the region consists mainly of farmers practicing rain-fed cultivation and cattle breeders. El Obeid iS connected to Khartoum by an asphalt motorway, a railway line and air-flights taking off its airport several times a week.





 Agriculture in Gedarif state



The capital of Gedarif State lies amid the most fertile lands of the so-called Butana region of Eastern Sudan. The region grows sesame, sorghum and sunflower, the annual produce of which not only covers the needs of the local markets, but is also exported abroad. The irrigation of these crops is wholly dependent on the heavy rainfall, which usually starts as early as May. Since 1954, mechanization has been gradually introduced at the various stages of agriculture. The high productivity of its land has made Gedarif very attractive to investors, in addition to its strategic proximity to local markets, export centers and access to logistic infrastructure such as asphalt motorways and railway lines





Al_ Barkal mountain - Karima


It is the busy commercial and transportation center of the Northern State. Situated on the eastern bank of the Nile, the town is the terminal station for northbound railway trains from Khartoum. Furthermore, Karima serves as the main Nile harbour for downstream river transport. It is connected to Dongola by surface tracks. Lying at the foot of the massive Barkal Mountain, the abode of Napatan gods and kings, Karima is an outstanding historic landmark of pyramids and grounds of the Nubian kings and queens.




Taka mountains -Kasala


The capital of Kassala State and a border town, just 30 km off the Eritrean border, it is famed for its breed of the Bushari camel, a fancy of the Gulf region's racing grounds. It is also known for its fruit orchards, tended along the Gash seasonal rivulet. Located some 620 km north-east of Khartoum, Kassala is connected to it by an asphalt motorway and a railway line, the later presently used only for goods transportation.




Kenana sugar factory    


Located 280 km south of Khartoum on the western bank of the White Nile, Kosti is a transit point on the Khartoum-EI Obeid motorway. The waterway of the White Nile connects Kosti to the southern towns of Malakal and Juba. Accordingly, before the eruption of the civil war in Southern Sudan, Kosti Town was the major Nile transportation venue for travelers to the Upper Nile and Equatoria region. It still enjoys a significant economic importance as the interlocutor for business and trade with southern states. The gigantic multi-national project of Kenana sugar refinery is located some 5O km east of Kosti.



 It is the capital of South Darfur State. It is the terminal station of the railway line that connects it to Khartoum via El Obeid, Rahad, Abuzabad and Ed Daein. There are also regular air-flights from Nyala to Khartoum via El Obeld.



Port Sudan:


The sea port - Portsudan


Established in 1905 during the colonial era as a port town, Port Sudan is Sudan's major port and sea-outlet to the outside world. It is joined to other major towns by a railway and a




Al Bagrawiya's pyramids


This lies some 170 km to the north of Khartoum and connected to it by an asphalt motorway. The traditional hometown of the Ja'aliyln Arab tribe, it is also a major market for crops and cereals. The archeological site of ancient kingdom of Meroe is located some few kilometers north of Shendi at AI Bagrawiya village and features pyramids and the royal palace of the Meroitic kings and queens. Several other Meroitic monuments are found a few kilometers to the east. To the southeast of Shendi stands a mystical sandstone construction and nearby, the restored temple of Amun.




The ancient gate of the city - Suakin


In the pre-colonial era, Suakin was both Sudan's main port and the most renowned port on the Red Sea. Ships and vessels destined to the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Arabian Gulf sailed in and off Suakin. West African pilgrims travelling to Mecca gathered at Suakin before crossing over the Red Sea to the Arab Peninsula. The town lost its importance when, in 1905, the port was moved 5O km northward to Port Sudan. Suakin was abandoned and consequently disintegrated into ruins. Presently, efforts are being exerted to revitalize the historical port. The active life is being gradually reclaimed as more and more passenger ships have began to moor at Suakin.


Wad Medani:


Religious Tombs - WadMedani


One of Sudan's major towns, it is also the capital of the rich agrarian state of El Gezira and the base of the Gezira Scheme Board, which administers the large cotton and wheat plantations. Located 186 km south of Khartoum on the western side of the Blue Nile, Wad Medani is host to representatives of many Sudanese tribes, who are attracted by cultivation work offered by the vast Gezira Project.


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